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amish catholic

Are the Amish Catholics?

One of the religious groups that have been long misunderstood is the Amish. One of the questions that most people ask is, are the Amish Catholics?

While they’re a religious group, their beliefs and traditions aren’t similar to Catholicism. The Amish believe in the Bible and follow Jesus’ teachings, but they don’t adhere to many of the tenets of the Catholic faith.

Catholics believe in the existence of everlasting Heaven and Hell, the need for confession to a priest, taking part in the sacraments, veneration of Mary and other saints, participation in special masses or prayers, and other rituals. 

The Amish don’t necessarily adhere to these practices.

This article will dive into the major differences between the Amish and Catholic faiths. We'll also discuss why the Amish have been able to maintain a distinct identity and separate themselves from other religious groups. 

What this article covers:

What Do the Amish Believe? 

The Amish believe in a simple, devout lifestyle that adhere to biblical teachings. They emphasize living a life of faith and hard work, family values, and traditional moral values. Originally from Switzerland and Germany, the Amish have been in America for over 300 years.

The Amish are deeply committed to their faith and practice it with an emphasis on humility. They follow a set of rules known as the Ordnung, based on biblical teachings. This includes dressing modestly, avoiding elaborate hairstyles, wearing head coverings for women, abstaining from liquor and tobacco, speaking only in their native language (Pennsylvania Dutch), attending church services, and only marrying within the faith.

catholic amish

They're known for their rejection of modern technology, including electricity, telephones, and computers. They also reject industrialization and instead focus on manual labor and self-sufficiency. Homes have storage baskets for shelves instead of modern filing cabinets, and they're allowed to have a phone placed outside the home. They have wicker laundry baskets and string bed frames instead of modern ones. Approach to technology also forms one of the major differences between Mennonite vs. Amish vs. quaker and Mormons vs. Amish.

For transport, they use horses and buggies powered by either a mule or horse. One of the main differences between Amish vs Mennonite buggy is that the latter can add some modernity and convenience to their buggies, such as turn signals and defrosting windows.

The Amish are known for their delicious pies, handmade quilts, and other handcrafted items. Their pie baskets, lunch boxes, and furniture are highly sought-after.

are amish catholic

Their farming practices are based on traditional methods that don't use modern technology. They practice organic gardening, animal husbandry, and the preservation of heirloom seeds. This has been a way of life for centuries, one that is kept alive even today by their commitment to faith and community.

This community values the importance of relationships and helping one another in need. You'll find women with their bread baskets or sewing baskets in hand working together at home, men working the fields and their horses, and children playing together in the schoolyard. The Amish live a life of simplicity that has withstood the test of time.

This community practices a form of mutual aid called Gelassenheit which means “yielding” or “submission” to God’s will as expressed in their faith. This includes humility and respect for authority, as well as living in harmony with their neighbors.

the amish catholic

Amish Origins 

The Amish originated in the 16th century during the Anabaptist movement. This movement was coined to reform the Catholic Church. Followers of this faith were persecuted because they rejected infant baptism and advocated for adult baptism instead. They also believed in pacifism and separation from worldly influences.

Today, there are over 344,000 people who identify as Amish and live a lifestyle focused on simplicity and faith. They reside across the United States. However, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, and Wisconsin have the largest Amish population.

Amish Faith

The Amish faith is based on the scripture and the teachings of Jesus Christ. They believe in adult baptism, nonconformity to the world, obedience to the will of God, humility and simplicity, community service, and separation from those who do not embrace their beliefs.

Their faith is centered around their churches, which are led by a bishop and two or three ministers. The church services involve singing hymns, prayer, scripture memorization, and Bible study.

This community also practices Anabaptism. This means they focus on a personal relationship with God. Anabaptists believe in adult baptism, as opposed to infant baptism practiced by the traditional Catholic Church.

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When we talk about the Mennonite vs. Amish vs. Hutterite in terms of faith, all three have Anabaptist origins. The degree of seperation from the world is what sets them apart.

The Amish are more conservative and practice a stricter lifestyle than the Mennonites and Hutterites. These two groups have a more modern approach to life while still adhering to their religious beliefs and traditions. Anabaptist Amish strictly adhere to their faith and lead a life strongly rooted in tradition.

There’s also a difference between the Amish vs. puritans and the Dunkard vs. Amish. While they might be categorized together, puritans have a different way of worshipping, and their beliefs are more focused on hard work and thriftiness. The Dunkards are closer to the Amish in terms of faith, but they’re stricter than even the Amish when it comes to their beliefs.

Amish Traditions

Apart from their faith deeply rooted in tradition, the Amish also practice certain customs and traditions.

These include a strong focus on family, community, and hard work. They live in rural areas where they have huge farms. They strive to be self-sufficient through agriculture and business.

Let's look at some of the traditions practiced by the Amish:


The Amish dress very plainly and modestly, with a focus on traditional, handmade garments. Men wear dark solid-colored suits and hats, while women typically wear long, solid-colored dresses and bonnets or scarves. The Ordnung dictates the mode of dress, and even minor deviations from it are strongly discouraged.

are the amish catholic


The Amish language is called Pennsylvania Dutch (or Deitsch), and they prefer to speak it at home and in their churches. It’s a dialect of German with influences from English, Dutch, and other languages.


Marriage is one of the traditions of the Amish faith. It's an integral part of their culture. They believe marriage is a covenant and should be respected at all costs. Therefore, divorce is rare in Amish society.

Amish couples typically marry in their twenties, with the ceremony taking place in the bride's home or church. Weddings are simple affairs attended primarily by family and close friends.

Before marriage, however, the Amish practice a unique tradition called “bundling." This practice involves an unmarried couple sleeping together on a single bed while fully clothed and having separate bedding. This practice is largely seen as a way for couples to know each other’s strengths and weaknesses, and minimize the chances of misunderstanding down the road.


The Amish adhere to a strict education system based on their beliefs. Most Amish children attend one-room schools until they turn fourteen, at which point they are expected to take on more responsibilities within the community and help out on the family farm.

The curriculum focuses overwhelmingly on practical knowledge such as reading, writing, arithmetic, and general life skills. Science and technology are largely avoided in favor of more traditional academic pursuits.

catholic amish people

Events & Holidays

The Amish celebrate several holidays celebrated by the traditional church, such as Christmas and Easter. However, they also observe various traditional festivals throughout the year.

Some of these include weddings, harvest festivals, and barn raisings (where members of the community come together to build a barn for a family in need).

In addition, the Amish observe a unique holiday called Rumspringa, a coming-of-age period during which young people are allowed to explore life outside of the community and make decisions about their faith before committing themselves to it permanently.

How Do the Amish Differ From Catholics? 

Below are some of the differences between Amish and Catholics:


While both groups adhere to Christian doctrines, certain doctrinal differences separate them from each other. The Amish are an Anabaptist denomination. They adhere to the Bible’s literal interpretation. Catholics, on the other hand, follow the Roman Catholic Church's teachings and doctrines, and the Pope sits at the top of their hierarchy. 

amish catholics


The Amish and Catholics also have distinct cultural differences. The Amish, based in rural Pennsylvania, follow a strict code of conduct that includes no electricity, plain clothing, and limited technology. In contrast, the Catholic Church embraces modern amenities such as television and radio to spread its teachings. Additionally, the Amish practice a conservative lifestyle focusing on simplicity and interdependence, whereas the Catholic Church is more open to modernized lifestyles.


Another difference between Amish and Catholics is their outlook on life. The Amish emphasize togetherness. This is evidenced in the way they attend church, visit each other, and look after one another in time of need. The Catholic Church, on the other hand, pays more attention to individualism and personal growth. This is also one of the differences between Brethren vs. Amish.

Holy Communion

One of the main differences between the Amish and Catholics is how they handle Holy Communion. The Amish don’t believe in taking Communion as a sacrament, instead adhering to an interpretation of scripture that holds that the Lord’s dinner should be for the remembrance of Jesus Christ’s death.

Catholics, on the other hand, view Communion as a sacrament and believe that one’s soul can be cleansed through its participation. They believe in the doctrine of transubstantiation, in which the bread and wine become a part of Jesus Christ’s body and blood.

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Understanding the difference between Amish and Catholics can help one appreciate their unique religious beliefs. 

While they follow different paths, both groups are united by faith and devotion to Jesus Christ. Understanding both groups can help one appreciate the richness of the Christian faith.  

At their core, Amish and Catholics are similar in that they both strive to live a life of obedience to God’s will. Understanding these differences, as well as their similarities, can help one better appreciate their faith.  

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